Mikumi National Park is surrounded by an arc of mountains and protected land. Located in the southern region of the country, bordering the Selous Reserve, Mikumi's landscape is often compared to that of the Serengeti, but with a fraction of the tourists.
First gazetted in 1964 with additions made to the north and south in 1975, Mikumi National Park has risen through the ranks to be the 4th largest National Park in Tanzania with an area of 3230 sqkm. Combined with Selous Game Reserve which borders it to the southwest, this greater ecosystem is the size of Denmark.
The park is surrounded by an arc of mountains and protected land, with the Uluguru Mountains to the east, the Mbesera, Madzini and Mazunyungu hills to the north and west. Perhaps due to the shadow cast by these mountainous areas, Mikumi is renowned as having the most fabulous light and colour, making it a favourite with wildlife and safari photographers, both professional and amateur.
The landscape is divided into two by a road and it seems that the partition separates 2 distinct environments. The north west of the park is characterised by alluvial plains, baobabs, acacias, and palms, while the south east of the park is less accessible and not as popular with wildlife.